See krei- in App. Illustrations[ edit ] The AHD is also somewhat innovative in its liberal use of photographic illustrations, which at the time was highly unusual for general reference dictionaries, many of which went largely or completely unillustrated.
The fourth editionreissued in added an appendix of Semitic language etymological roots, and included color illustrations, and was also available with a CD-ROM edition in some versions.
President in successive printings of any given edition. The expectation is that scholars will develop Christian character and self-government through consistent preparation and participation in all activities of this course. Each appendix, arranged by root, provides further information on the reconstructed prehistory of the word back to the earliest stage ascertainable by comparative linguistics.
Phrasal Verbs A phrasal verb, such as make up or set about, is an expression consisting of a verb and an adverb or a preposition that together have a meaning that is different from the total of the meanings of its constituent parts.
The labels Archaic and Obsolete signal words or senses whose use in modern English is uncommon. This book would be appropriate for the collection analyzed during my field experience because the dictionaries the library currently has do not contain color illustrations and photos to illustrate most definitions.
Cross-references are given to all the synonym paragraphs that include this word. Language varies both by region and social group, and this dictionary contains notes that discuss these aspects of words.
The Usage Notes following many entries present important information and guidance on matters of grammar, diction, pronunciation, and registers and nuances of usage. Encourage them to be prepared with homework on due dates.
An explanation offered to justify or obtain forgiveness. Synonym paragraphs are introduced by the heading Synonyms.
The entry referred to in a cross-reference appears in boldface type preceded by a brief descriptive or instructional phrase: All studies will be founded in the governing principles of the gospel of Jesus Christ. Two column format and contains color illustrations. Cross-references have two main functions: Each element is traced in turn to its further origins.
This is done either to avoid repeating part of a lengthy and complex derivation or to indicate the close relationship between two different Modern English words. A status label, such as Nonstandard, Slang, Informal, Offensive, or Derogatory, indicates that an entry word or a definition is limited to a particular level or style of usage.
Sometimes a stage in the history of the word is not attested, yet there is reasonable certainty from comparative evidence about what the missing linguistic form looked like and what language it belonged to.
Cantonese forms are given according to the Jyutping system developed by the Linguistic Society of Hong Kong. Synonyms of special interest are listed after the entry for the central word in the group.
Linguistic forms that are not Modern English words appear in italics, and glosses and language names appear in roman type. Words whose dictionary entries contain more etymological information are printed in small capitals in the etymologies: For expert consultation on words or constructions whose usage is controversial or problematic, the American Heritage Dictionary relies on the advice of a usage panel.
Undefined Forms At the end of many entries additional closely related words appear in boldface without definitions. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices: In addition to the normally expected etymologies, which for instance trace the word ambiguous to a Proto-Indo-European root ag- meaning "to drive," the appendices included a seven-page article by Professor Calvert Watkins entitled "Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans" and "Indo-European Roots", 46 pages of entries that are each organized around one of some thousand Proto-Indo-European roots and the English words of the AHD that are understood to have evolved from them.
Order of Senses Entries containing more than one sense are arranged for the convenience of the reader with the central and often the most commonly sought meaning first. Scholars have been able to reconstruct Proto-Semitic, the common ancestor of the Semitic languages, in much the same way they have reconstructed Proto-Indo-European.
Phrasal verbs, which appear in boldface, follow the main definitions in an entry and are listed in alphabetical order. Mandarin Chinese forms are given in the Pinyin system.
These illustrative examples appear in italics; about 5, of them are quotations. In the etymology shown for cabin, the different Middle English, Old French, and Late Latin forms all have the same gloss, which is the same as the first definition of the Modern English word cabin: Some words are not given etymologies.
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